Is CBD Legal in Pennsylvania?
Is CBD Oil and Hemp; Federally Legal Once Again
CBD, known as cannabidiol, derives from a versatile plant that’s been used for thousands of years as a source of both food and fiber. Up until the end of World War II, hemp was grown commercially in the United States and only became regulated during the War on Drugs in the seventies.
The Farm Bill of 2018 once again opened up the legal cultivation of hemp for fiber, food, and certified industrial purposes. Federally, the bill declassified hemp as a controlled Schedule I substance and instead dubbed it an agricultural commodity. Under the new law, industrial hemp cultivated for any purpose requires that the concentration of THC is no more than 0.3 percent.
Is CBD Allowed in Pennsylvania?
Federal law did little to manage or control state expectations around CBD products. The Farm Bill vaguely clarified that all industrial hemp must be registered with a state of federal government that controls inspection, testing, and labeling programs.
The Department of Agriculture in Pennsylvania has established a regulatory framework for hemp growers in the state. Under the 2019 Industrial Hemp Pilot Program, interested businesses can apply for growers permits. There is no limit on the number of available certifications.
Under the growers program, Pennsylvania performs quality testing, inspections, and laboratory testing which is covered by the annual permit fees. Additionally, Pennsylvania closely follows FDA regulation, citing that interstate commerce is illegal under section 301 of the Cosmetics Act.
In fact, Pennsylvania state had moved to legalize hemp even before the Farm Bill in 2018. In 2015 to 2016, House Bill 967 (HB-967) authorized educational institutions and certified growers to produce hemp in the state. This ended up being handy later on since Pennsylvania has already established a robust regulatory framework in time for the federal legalization of hemp.
In the state, CBD sellers, manufacturers, and consumers can purchase oils, tinctures, or baked goods from any vendor who markets them. Though there are some restrictions, overall the state has kept in mind the safety of the consumer when tightening regulations.
What are the Benefits of CBD?
Researchers claim to have linked regular CBD use to a range of benefits. CBD works by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system, a network of receptors which bind to cannabidiol. The ECS impacts nearly every aspect of health and wellness by being involved in digestion, sleep, appetite, immune response, and mood. Researchers believe that CBD may help to balance out the body’s response to internal and external stimuli, prompting changes like:
- Increased feelings of joy, relaxation, and productivity
- Decreased chronic pain from inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, nerve pain, and migraines
- Neuroprotective benefits, resulting in seizure inhibition