History of CBD and Cannabis: Jordan
Strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa, and Europe, Jordan has a thriving political and economic culture vested in international trade. For the majority of its history, the country has been inundated with entrenched cannabis use and smuggling.
Cannabis, CBD, and Jordan
In the middle of the twentieth century, Jordan provided a convenient smuggling route for global drug trading organizations. Cannabis was frequently trafficked from Jordan onwards to Turkey, Iran, Syria, Lebanon, and later to Egypt.
As the country has tightened its borders in response to international pressure, it has become somewhat more difficult for traffickers to get in and out of the country. Still, Jordan represents one of the most important smuggling pathways between Africa and the Middle East.
Although it’s an important trading route, cannabis use has not been as widespread in Jordan as other Middle Eastern countries. The region’s population is very well educated and comprises an upper middle income economy.
Moreover, the country is hot and dry during the summers with a very brief cold period. Overall, cannabis cultivation is not favored among farmers in the country due to the process’ complex irrigation requirements.
Still, cannabis has always been one of the most frequently consumed illicit substances in Jordan. Every year, the volume of cannabis related crime grows. In between the period 2013 to 2017, the number of large scale drug related arrests increased by over four thousand.
Most of those involved in cannabis trade are between the ages of eighteen to twenty seven. This young, critical intersection of the population is one of the primary local drivers of the cannabis economy throughout the country. Those that smuggle are typically in the lower class and looking for ways to supplement their income.
Nowadays, the majority of Jordanians are against any significant legalization and decriminalization measures. The population is largely Arab with deep Muslim roots, resulting in a culturally unfriendly attitude towards cannabis cultivation.
Aside from this culturally conservative influence, historic clashes with Western powers went a long way towards securing cannabis’ legal fate in Jordan. After World War II, the United States committed itself to a completely restrictive anti-drug stance that it pushed on the rest of the world.
American officials grew worried about the geographically strategic position of Jordan. Halting drug crime in the Middle East and Central Asia meant targeting smuggling operations in the heart of Jordan.
It’s unlikely that Jordan officials will introduce cannabis reform within the next few years.