History Of CBD And Cannabis In: Togo
The Togolese Republic is a country located in West Africa. Its borders consist of Ghana to its west, Burkina Faso to its north, Benin to its east, and its southern coast empties into the Gulf of Guinea. Togo’s total land area is over 21,000 square miles with a population of over 8 million as of 2019, making it one of the smallest countries in Africa despite its growing population.
Togo’s history is said to date back to the 11th century when ancient tribes from other areas settled in the region and brought with them the production of pottery and the processing of iron. In the late 14th century the Portuguese visited present-day Togo through various other expeditions, mainly through its neighbor, Benin, but did not settle there.
Throughout the centuries the various ethnic groups and ancient tribes that settled in the country remained relatively isolated from one another. In 1884, Germany began colonizing the country by declaring it a protectorate and naming it “Togoland.”
During and after the First World War, the country was divided into two zones and was controlled by the Allies, British and French. For a time, British Togoland became part of Ghana (1956) while French Togoland became an autonomous republic of France (1959).
It was in 1960 that the country gained its independence, merging the two zones into one, thus creating the Togolese Republic. Today, Togo’s capital and largest city is Lomé. The official language is French.
Cannabis, CBD, And Togo
Since Togo’s history is relatively short in comparison to other African nations, there just isn’t enough information available to confirm whether or not cannabis is a native plant to the country. It is, however, the only drug crop grown in the country and it is not exported, according to the International Narcotics Control Strategy Report of 1995. Admittedly that information is a little old, however, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,, cannabis herb seizures in Togo have grown from 2000 to 2005, suggesting that cannabis is widely grown and/or used in the country.
Cannabis, however, is illegal in Togo for both recreational and medicinal purposes, which also includes CBD. Growing, selling, buying, possessing, using, and other related cannabis activities are illegal in the Togolese Republic. The IDPC, or, International Drug Policy Consortium indicates that penalties may include 5 to 20-years imprisonment plus a fine.
Why Is It Illegal?
THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is one of many compounds found in the cannabis plant. THC is the main psychoactive substance that is responsible for the feelings of being “high” when using or consuming it. Since Togo’s history included a colonial period, modern-day Togo still shares the negative sentiments when it comes to cannabis and this particular compound found in it. Because of this, the legalities surrounding the plant are influenced.
As for CBD or cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating and non-addictive compound in cannabis, the Togolese Republic does not differentiate between recreational and medicinal uses of the plant. This means that even though cannabidiol may be considered by many as the medicinal or therapeutic side of the cannabis plant, it is still illegal in the Togolese Republic.