History of CBD and Cannabis In – The Gambia
Cannabis is known by many names and slang terms all across the world. Dating as far back as the 5th century, some of the first known names for cannabis were Ma (Chinese), Kάνναβις or Kánnabis (Greek), and Kinnab or Quinnab (Arabic). Equally, as varied, the English language also has a variety of names for cannabis that include Marijuana, Hemp, Ganja, and many more. Although, learning about the different ways to say or refer to cannabis can be fascinating, what we’re going to talk about today is the history of cannabis in the country called The Gambia.
Where is The Gambia?
Before we take a step back into the past, let us first talk about The Gambia or The Republic of the Gambia. The Gambia is a country located in West Africa. It is a country that is almost completely surrounded by Senegal, yet another West African country. The only exception to this is that The Gambia’s western coastline empties into the Atlantic Ocean. There are several languages spoken in The Gambia, Mandingo, Pulaar, and Wolof with English as the main language for official purposes and education to just name a few.
Cannabis, CBD, and The Gambia – A Brief History
Cannabis is known in The Gambia as Jamba or Yamba. Jamba naturally grows in The Gambia so it has been widely used for centuries in the area. Although it grows naturally in a country that does not mean it is legal. In fact, cannabis is illegal in The Gambia. The government strongly opposes cannabis decriminalization.
With that said, The Gambia government has a history of punishing those who are found to possess and use cannabis with hefty fines and lengthy prison confinement terms. As of 2017, The Gambia government has set specific penalties for cannabis possession for amounts between 151 grams to 500 grams. This also does not go to say that there aren’t advocates in strategizing towards legalizing it, because there are. With technological advances today, innovative companies have found ways to utilize the medicinal benefits of cannabis via CBD, offering a variety of products without the stigma that is usually associated with cannabis. More on that later.
As mentioned cannabis or Jamba naturally grows in The Gambia, which makes the country one of the largest producers of Jamba, despite it being illegal. Because its availability favors its widespread use, Jamba is considered the replacement for alcohol in the region. It is said that Jamba has always been popular amongst locals both for recreational and medicinal uses due to Islamic prohibition on alcohol in the region.
Cannabis and CBD: What’s The Difference?
The possible main reason why cannabis is ostracized, illegal, and frowned upon by The Gambian government is because of the substance found in cannabis called THC. THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the chemical substance that is responsible for the psychological effects of taking cannabis like the feeling of being “high” or intoxicated.
CBD or cannabidiol is also a substance found in cannabis plants. CBD, on the other hand, is unlike THC. CBD is non-psychoactive which means it doesn’t get you “high.” Cannabidiol is known today to provide the therapeutic and medicinal characteristics of the cannabis plant. CBD and its derivatives like oil, tea, ointments, and creams may provide relief by alleviating symptoms associated with panic attacks, depression, epilepsy, and more.
So THC and CBD both are substances found in cannabis. The main difference is that THC differs from CBD, where THC is used to achieve feelings of intoxication as opposed to CBD where the main goal is to find relief through therapeutic and medicinal purposes. Speak with a physician or other healthcare professional to get specific information about the right CBD-based products that are right for you. As a disclosure, this information should not replace the advice or recommendations of physicians or other healthcare professionals.
With a wide range of health benefits that CBD may provide, it is sometimes treated differently in terms of legalities across the globe. However, it is always recommended to check with your local government or the government of the area you will be traveling to in order to prevent unintentional situations from occurring.