History of CBD and Cannabis In: Senegal
The Republic of Senegal is a country in West Africa. To its north, the country is bordered by Mauritania, Mali to its east, Guinea to its southeast, Guinea-Bissau to its southwest, and shares a maritime border with Cape Verde. The Republic of Senegal completely surrounds the country of The Gambia and its western coast empties into the North Atlantic Ocean. The country’s land area is about 76,000 square miles with a population of over 16 million as of 2018.
Senegal’s history is said to date as far back as prehistoric times with various ethnic groups occupying the country. Throughout the centuries, Senegal has been ruled by various empires that include Takrur, Jolof, and Ghana empires. During the 15th century, the Portuguese came to Senegal bringing with them various traders from other countries which included France, Portugal, the Netherlands, and Great Britain.
These European powers competed to be the dominating trader of the area. In 1677, France gained control. It is also said that the Portuguese may have played a role in naming present-day Senegal. It was only in 1960 that Senegal became an independent nation. Today, the Republic of Senegal’s capital and largest city is Dakar. The country’s official languages are French and Wolof.
Cannabis And The Republic Of Senegal: A Brief History
Cannabis is known as “yamba” in Senegal. Yamba is said to have been grown and used throughout the country for quite some time. In the 1960s, separatist rebels promoted the cultivation of cannabis to local farmers in the southern part of the country. It was later taxed to finance the resistance. By 1998, cannabis was the only preferred crop grown throughout the country.
Despite the popularity of cannabis for growing and using throughout Senegal, cannabis is illegal in the country for both recreational and medicinal purposes. The growing, selling, buying, possessing, using, and other related activities are illegal in the Republic of Senegal. A source indicates, although not specific to cannabis, that penalties may include long term imprisonment and a fine.
Why Is It Illegal?
There are many chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. One such compound that may have resulted in authorities having a negative perception of cannabis is the compound called THC. THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the principal psychoactive substance that is responsible for the euphoric effects when using and consuming cannabis. This very chemical substance may perhaps be the sole factor that influences the legalities surrounding the cannabis plant.