History of CBD and Cannabis In: Papua New Guinea
The Independent State of Papua New Guinea is a country in Oceania and is the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, which is politically divided. The eastern side, the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, borders Indonesia to the west and also shares a maritime border with Australia. The country has a land area of over 178,000 square miles with a population of over 8 million as of 2018.
Papua New Guinea’s history is said to date back as far as 42,000 to 45,000 years ago with the arrival of the first humans. Around 500 BC, Austronesian-speaking peoples migrated to present-day Papua New Guinea. From the 16th century to the 18th century Portuguese and Spanish explorers visited the island. History notes that the visitation of these particular explorers may have played a role in both the country’s and island’s name.
By the 19th century, Europeans began exploring it with Germany ruling over the island, while the United Kingdom colonized the southern half. Later in 1905, the United Kingdom transferred the territory to the Commonwealth of Australia. It was in 1949 that Papua New Guinea became independent from Australia while being declared as a fully independent nation in 1975.
Today, the Independent State of Papua New Guinea’s capital, Port Moresby, is the largest city in the country. Because the country has a rich and lengthy history, its official language is English, Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin, and PNG Sign Language.
Cannabis and Papua New Guinea: A Brief History
Cannabis is typically known as “spak brus” in Papua New Guinea. It is not known if cannabis is a native plant in the country. However, it is widely known to be grown, produced and used throughout Papua New Guinea, where the country’s mountainous highlands are largely used for its cultivation. By the 1980s, it is said that cannabis surged in popularity and can be easily purchased in major cities.
Despite being a significant producer and consumer of cannabis, it is illegal in the Independent State of Papua New Guinea. The growing, possession, selling, buying, using, and other related activities are illegal. The government of Papua New Guinea considers it to be a dangerous drug and penalties may include imprisonment and or fines.
Why is it Illegal?
There are several chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. THC is perhaps one of the main compounds in the plant that authorities negatively perceive cannabis. THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the psychoactive substance in cannabis that is responsible for the euphoric effects when using or consuming the plant. THC may perhaps be the sole influential factor when it comes to the legalities surrounding cannabis.
What Exactly Is CBD?
CBD or cannabidiol is another compound found in the cannabis plant. CBD is a non-intoxicating and non-addictive substance that many consider it to be the therapeutic and medicinal side of cannabis. CBD does not get you “high” when using or consuming it.
Many may have found CBD beneficial in treating or alleviating symptoms associated with various conditions. Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), insomnia, arthritis, and general pain are to only name a few conditions that many may find CBD to be beneficial.