History of CBD and Cannabis In: Palau
The Republic of Palau is an island nation located in the western Pacific Ocean. The country is made up of 340 islands that form part of the western chain of the Caroline Islands. Palau shares maritime borders with Micronesia, the Philippines, and Indonesia. Collectively, its land area consists of 180 square miles with a population of over 21,000 as of 2018.
Palau’s history dates as far back as 3,000 years ago. It can be traced to the migration of people from present-day Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and East Timor, which collectively is referred to as people from Insular Southeast Asia.
Throughout the centuries, Palau was governed by several foreign entities. During the 16th century, Palau was explored by the Europeans. In 1574, Palau became part of the Spanish East Indies until the country was sold to Germany in 1899. After the First World War, Palau then came under Japanese rule under the South Pacific Mandate by the League of Nations until World War II.
At the time, American and Japanese forces battled in the area which later resulted in Palau being governed by the United States as a Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands by 1947. It was only in 1994 that the country gained full sovereignty, and has become a presidential republic in free association with the United States.
Today, the country’s capital is Ngerulmud with Koror as the largest and populous city of the country. Palauan is the country’s native and official language along with English, Japanese, Sonsorolese, and Tobian.
Cannabis and the Republic of Palau: A Brief History
There is not enough evidence to indicate that cannabis is native to Palau. However, cannabis is widely known to grow naturally in the country with Palau being considered one of the top countries for having the highest production of cannabis both for local use and exportation since the 1980s.
At the time, a source indicates around 300 pounds of cannabis were produced and exported weekly in Palau, making cannabis the top export crop of the country. Because cannabis is readily accessible in Palau, the country is also known to have one of the highest cannabis consumption rates in the world, according to a 2012 publication.
Despite it being widely grown, produced, and consumed in the island nation, cannabis is illegal in the Republic of Palau. The growing, selling, buying, possession, use and other related activities is illegal in Palau. According to a source, penalties may include a maximum of eight years imprisonment and or a fine.
Why is it Illegal?
Cannabis contains many chemical compounds and THC is one of those compounds. THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the compound in the cannabis plant that is responsible for the euphoric effects when using and consuming cannabis. It is because of this psychoactive substance that authorities view the cannabis plant negatively. It may also be the main factor that influences the legalities surrounding cannabis.
What is CBD?
As mentioned, cannabis contains many compounds. CBD, or cannabidiol, is the other compound in cannabis that is considered to be the therapeutic and medicinal side of the plant. CBD is non-intoxicating and non-addictive, so it does not get you “high” when using it.
Many people claim to have found CBD to be beneficial in alleviating symptoms related to anxiety, insomnia, arthritis, and other aches and pains to only mention a few. CBD can be found in several forms that include tea, gummies, oil, creams, lotions, and more.