History of CBD and Cannabis In: Mozambique
The Republic of Mozambique is a southeastern African country. It is bordered by Tanzania to its north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to its west, Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to its southwest, and empties into the Indian Ocean to the east. Mozambique has a land area of over 300,000 square miles with a population of over 29 million as of 2018.
The history of the country is said to date as far back as the first century AD. During the 7th and 11th centuries, port towns began developing around present-day Mozambique, and along with it traders from Egypt, Arabia, India, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Persia began visiting these port towns in the country.
In 1498 the Portuguese, through the voyage of Vasco da Gama, began colonizing Mozambique and ruled over the country for over four centuries. It was only in 1975, that the country gained independence and became what the Republic of Mozambique is in present-day. Today, Mozambique’s capital is Maputo and the official language is Portuguese.
Cannabis and the Republic of Mozambique: A Brief History
Cannabis is known as “suruma” in Mozambique. It is said that traders that visited during the development of the port towns brought the cannabis plant to the country. Through this, cannabis became a natural or indigenous plant in Mozambique. The earliest record of cannabis use in the country was in the 1580s where it was noted by a missionary, João dos Santos, that cannabis was used to suppress hunger.
Despite cannabis to be a natural growing plant in the country, it is illegal in Mozambique both for recreational and medicinal purposes. The growing, selling, buying, possession, use and other related activities is illegal in Mozambique. A source indicates that penalties may include heavy fines and long jail terms.
Why Is It Illegal?
Cannabis contains many chemical compounds. One of the main compounds that give cannabis a negative reputation is the chemical compound called THC. THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the principal psychoactive compound in the cannabis plant. It is responsible for the hallucinogenic effects when using or consuming cannabis. THC may perhaps be the influential aspect around the legalities of the cannabis plant around the world.
What Is CBD?
As mentioned, cannabis contains many compounds. CBD or cannabidiol is the other compound found in cannabis, and many consider it to be the therapeutic and medicinal side of the plant. Unlike the other compound previously discussed, CBD is non-intoxicating and non-addictive and also contains anti-inflammatory properties.
Many may have found relief in using CBD to help treat or reduce symptoms associated with various conditions like anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to just name a few. It may also help alleviate symptoms relating to arthritis, nerve pain, muscle pain, and other chronic pain. It may also be used for general wellness such as heart health. CBD can be found in various forms from stand-alone oils, creams, lotions, and more. CBD edibles and drinks are also available and can come in the form of gummies or tea.