History of CBD and Cannabis In: Montenegro
Montenegro is a country located in Southeast Europe. The country’s borders consist of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia and Kosovo to the east, and Albania to the south. Montenegro has a coast that empties into the Adriatic Sea, which also borders Croatia. The country has an area over 5,300 square miles with a population of over 622,000 as of 2018. Its history dates back to early medieval times, and during that time, present-day Montenegro was occupied by three principalities, Duklja, Travunia (Travunija), and Rascia.
Throughout the centuries the region was ruled by various dynasties and houses from the Vojislavljević dynasty, Nemanjić dynasty to the House of Balšić, House of Crnojević, and House of Petrović-Njegoš. It was under the House of Crnojević (1431-1498) that the name Montenegro was used for the country.
Fast-forwarding to modern times, Montenegro briefly became a kingdom until it became part of Yugoslavia after the First World War. After Yugoslavia dissolved, Montenegro declared independence and became an independent country in 2006.
Today, Montenegro’s capital is Podgorica while the city of Cetinje is designated as the Old Royal Capital. Montenegrin is the official and national language in Montenegro. However, because of its historical involvement with its neighboring countries, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian, and Croatian are also used as official languages in Montenegro.
Cannabis and Montenegro
Cannabis is known as “konoplja” or “kanp” in Montenegro. There are not enough resources to indicate whether or not cannabis grows naturally in the country. However, it is said that cannabis is not differentiated from any other drug in terms of legalities in Montenegro.
The government in Montenegro strongly opposes cannabis and declines any initiatives involving its decriminalization and legalization. With that said, cannabis is illegal in Montenegro. The growing, selling, buying, possession, and other related activities are illegal in the country, whether for recreational or medicinal purposes. A source indicates that strict penalties may include a lengthy prison sentence.
Why is Cannabis Illegal?
Since cannabis is treated like any other drug in Montenegro, the government may perhaps be focusing on, what is generally considered among authorities as, the negative effects of cannabis. The chemical compound called THC that is found in the cannabis plant may be the cause of these negative points of view. THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the psychoactive chemical compound that is responsible for the intoxicating effects of cannabis when consumed. Because of this, cannabis is automatically ostracized without consideration for its medicinal and therapeutic benefits.
CBD or cannabidiol is another compound found in cannabis. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol, CBD is non-intoxicating and non-addictive. This means that when CBD is consumed, it will not get you “high”.
In today’s technologically advanced world, CBD now comes in a variety of forms from oil, tea, creams, lotions, and even edibles like gummies. So, what can CBD do? A study suggests that CBD may help in reducing cigarette consumption in tobacco smokers. Others may have also found CBD to be beneficial in alleviating other symptoms associated with anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain. Because CBD may offer relief from or may aid in reducing several symptoms, CBD is considered to be the therapeutic and medicinal side of the cannabis plant.