History Of CBD And Cannabis: Djibouti
Located along the Horn of Africa, Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea to the north and Ethiopia to the south. Conveniently, Djibouti is centrally placed in one of the world’s busiest shipping routes that marries the Red Sea to the Indian Ocean.
Cannabis is largely transported through this region en route to East Africa, parts of Europe, and the rest of the world. Although Djibouti has never been a major producer of cannabis, its lack of regional stability and high rates of poverty have led it to become increasingly important in worldwide cannabis trade.
Cannabis, CBD, And Djibouti
In the late nineteenth century, the French incorporated Djibouti into a colonial network known as Somaliland. By 1967, the Djibouti people largely voted in favor of independence and established a republic.
Since then, Djibouti has involved itself in international policy by joining the European Union in 1977. However, political tensions over representation erupted in the nineties, which led to an all-out armed conflict.
Leading members of the state’s mafia were able to infiltrate key positions in the government, leading to a situation of legally sanctified arms, drugs, and human trafficking. Over time, the influence of these leaders has diminished as the government has become much more transparent about policy decisions.
As an incredibly diverse state with hundreds of different ethnicities, Djibouti has struggled to enact meaningful cannabis policy. However, out of all African nations, cannabis use rates are the lowest in the nation of Djibouti.
Overall, the climate is arid and harsh, which doesn’t allow for marijuana to grow in the vast majority of areas. Additionally, residents are afraid of the harsh drug laws that are in place in the country.
By contrast, most male residents prefer to chew khat, which is a narcotic, over chipping in for expensive cannabis in the country’s urban areas. It’s estimated that over 98 percent of male Djibouti residents chew khat, while on 1 to 4 percent have ever used cannabis.
As Djibouti wavers between states of stability and extreme instability, the economic hardships faced by residents may result in increased cannabis cultivation. In dense urban areas, children are often used as low level street dealers to distribute cannabis.
It’s very unlikely the country will institute cannabis decriminalization or reform any time soon. Marijuana legalization requires a certain amount of statewide cooperation, departmental loyalty, and trust between different state actors. Additionally, the country is most focused on combating the persistent issues of arms deals and human trafficking.