History of CBD and Cannabis: Chad
Bordered by Libya to the north and Sudan to the east, Chad represents one of the most ecologically diverse countries in Africa. Chad occupies the highly fertile Savanna zone to the south with an arid Sahelian belt in the center, with vast swathes of pure desert situated in the north.
Home to over two hundred distinct ethnic and linguistic groups, Chad’s government has had a hard time instituting meaningful cannabis policy after the cessation of French colonial rule in the sixties.
Currently, Chad law enforcer’s attitude towards cannabis is largely determined by the vestiges of French law, United States narcotics law, international policy, and the vested power of President Deby.
Cannabis, CBD, and Chad
In the 1920s, France formally conquered the territory of Chad and integrated it into French Equatorial Africa. During that time, the French instituted harsh anti-cannabis and narcotics law in order to stop the widespread use of marijuana among residents. Common punishments included prison time, whipping, and other penalties for suspected drug trafficking.
As part of a worldwide decolonization movement, French rule finally stopped in 1960, causing Chad to gain independence. Over the years, different groups of rebels and financially wealthy powers have sought to secure control over the area.
Since residents don’t share strong ethnic or linguistic ties to each other, frequent bouts of civil war occurred before 1990. Several times before the twenty first century, Muslim residents would resent the rule of vested Democratic, trade union leaders, which resulted in bouts of violence.
Now, political power is firmly held by President Deby and his political party known as the Patriotic Salvation Movement. Residents tolerate Deby because he won in Democratic election; however, his two decades of control have led to a state of extreme poverty and corruption throughout the entire country.
With Deby’s rule came strong and violent resistance to cannabis growth, use, and sale across the country. Currently, cannabis is completely illegal and the government actively destroys swathes of wild marijuana that are important to the ecology of Lake Chad.
Despite the firm control of the Patriotic Salvation Movement, cannabis use continues to be popular among residents in the country. The overwhelming young population of the country has turned to cannabis cultivation since it’s an extremely lucrative local and international economy. For many, cannabis production represents a way to escape the horrible conditions of poverty.
Moreover, it’s been exceedingly difficult for the government to evenly persecute marijuana offenders. The huge diversity of languages and geography make Chad very hard to patrol, resulting in many small cannabis cultivation schemes all throughout the the fertile Savanna zone.
It’s unlikely that Chad will institute decriminalization or legalization policies any time soon. Ultimately, the state doesn’t have a strong enough administrative framework to regulate marijuana sale, cultivation, and trade. Additionally, pressure from neighboring states to stop illicit drug trafficking inhibit any possible legalization movement.