History of CBD and Cannabis: Cabo Verde
Spanning an archipelago of ten volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean, Cabo Verde was first introduced to marijuana during the height of the Atlantic Slave Trade.
In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Cabo Verde experienced great economic prosperity, causing droves of sailors, Europeans, and pirates to travel to the island. International traders, as well as slaves who stashed marijuana on trade hulls, created a culture of open marijuana use and cultivation in the area.
Ultimately, the end of the transatlantic slave era led to a long period of financial decline, which caused mass emigration. Moreover, marijuana use started to decline on the islands as European law enforcers grew more strict about consumption and public intoxication.
Ever since Cabo Verde was first discovered in the fifteenth century, its attitude towards cannabis use, cultivation, and trade has been defined by a patchwork of slave trading and European settlement.
Cannabis, CBD, and Cabo Verde
In 1951, Cabo Verde was incorporated as an overseas territory of Portugal; however, civil unrest and a continuous campaign for independence resulted in the islands’ abandonment. Unlike other African nations, Cabo Verde is marked by a stable representative democracy and high degree of human development.
As one of the most developed and democratic countries in Africa, Cabo Verde has developed a service-oriented industry that encourages tourism and foreign investment. Populated by primarily religiously conservative residents, Cabo Verde officials hold a largely negative attitude towards cannabis consumption and distribution.
Currently, cannabis is completely illegal for recreational and medical use; however, it is produced and trafficked widely throughout the islands. The ten islands in the archipelago are somewhat difficult for the country’s limited law enforcement to patrol effectively.
While cannabis is widely trafficked, cocaine is actually the most popular drug that circulates through the island. Often, residents will mix cannabis with cocaine in a special combination.
The government actively pursues measures in order to stamp out both nonviolent drug use and cultivation schemes, yet they are most actively focused on international drug trafficking. Since Cabo Verde is known as a tourist destination, many travelers visit in order to get easier access to cannabis and other substances.
It’s unlikely that cannabis will become fully legally in Cabo Verde any time soon, especially since neighboring states are exerting pressure on keeping marijuana illegal. If marijuana becomes legal in Cabo Verde, the degree of illicit drug trafficking would grow several times over and threaten political stability.