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History Of CBD And Cannabis In: Uruguay

by February 12, 2020

CBD Oil In Uruguay

CBD has become more and more popular across the world. There are many reasons for this, but chief among them is that millions of people have found the compound to be very helpful at addressing a variety of physical and emotional ills. Some scientific evidence has backed up this notion.

The end result of this popularity is that CBD has become big business. According to one estimate, CBD is expected to generate an astonishing $1 billion by the end of 2020 before that number skyrockets to $20 billion to 2024. Those numbers may even be on the conservative side, as a different study says that the CBD industry will reach $22 billion by 2022.

More and more governments are changing their laws, legalizing CBD for medical or commercial purchasing. Indeed, attitudes across the world are changing when it comes to cannabis in general, and in few places is that more relevant than Uruguay, which became the first country to legalize marijuana in 2013. Yet, despite the fact that cannabis in Uruguay is legal, CBD is very difficult to obtain, and even then, only available under very difficult circumstances.

Is CBD Oil Legal In Uruguay?

Believe it or not, despite the fact that marijuana is commercially available for recreational use, CBD is very difficult to obtain.

At the moment, only one drug with CBD can be obtained by prescription: Epifractan. However, it is expensive, with higher concentrations of the drug costing $200, financially out of the reach of many Uruguay residents. Residents do have the option of purchasing imported drugs, but this involves numerous steps, including getting a special prescription from a medical professional and then permission from the country’s Health Ministry.

The article goes on to cite research which notes that 2/3 of CBD users in Uruguay obtain the product via illegal means, such as home growers/manufacturers or illegally importing the substance.

All of this makes Uruguay the only countries in the world where marijuana is easier to obtain than CBD.

Marijuana Production in Uruguay

One of the components of the 2013 legalization law has been to set the country up a marijuana growing and processing industry. Manufacturing and extraction labs are already up and running in the country, and as of March 2019, multiple companies were in negotiations with investors to expand already existing manufacturing sites. This will have the effect of not only creating a new industry and source of revenue for the country, but creating hundreds – if not thousands – of jobs.

According to investors, with government support, the country has the potential to be the first to reach $1 billion in the medical marijuana industry.

This is good news for Uruguay residents, as increased manufacturing of marijuana in the country will likely demand and lower costs CBD purchase in the future.

History Of CBD And Cannabis In: Trinidad And Tobago

by February 11, 2020

CBD Oil In Trinidad and Tobago

 

The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is an island nation located in the Caribbean region. It is the southernmost island country in the area and consists of two main islands and other smaller islands. The country’s maritime boundaries consist of Barbados to its northeast, Guyana to its southeast, Venezuela to its south and west, and Grenada to its northwest. Collectively its total land area is just below 2,000 square miles with a population of over 1.3 million as of 2019.

As mentioned, the country consists of 2 main islands, Trinidad and Tobago. Both islands’ histories indicate that the original inhabitants were Amerindian peoples from South America dating back to 7,000 years ago. Throughout the centuries several periods of migration occurred with Trinidad being generally occupied by Arawakan and Carib-speaking tribes. The island of Tobago was largely inhabited by the Island Caribs and Kalina, indigenous tribes from Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil.

In 1498, Christopher Columbus was credited to be the first European to visit the Island of Trinidad. While he landed in Trinidad, he also saw the island of Tobago in the distance, calling it “Bella Forma.” Throughout the 1500s, present-day Trinidad and Tobago were ruled and governed by the Spanish Empire until 1797 when it was surrendered to the British, with the French controlling the country between 1762 to 1781 until it was recaptured again by the British.

By 1888, both islands were unified under British rule until it gained independence in 1962 and became a republic in 1976. Today, the City of Port of Spain is the country’s capital and English is the official language.

Cannabis, CBD, And The Republic Of Trinidad And Tobago: A Brief History

Cannabis is known to grow in the wild on the islands, and it is thought to be native to the country. The same source suggests that cannabis was widely used and grown in Trinidad and Tobago dating to at least the 1800s with regulations and ordinances concerning the plant.

Documented periods of cannabis cultivation and use increased during the 1900s with several ordinances indicating taxation and the need for a license via the “Indian Hemp Ordinance of 1913” and the “Ganja Ordinance of Trinidad 1915.”

The country recognizes the therapeutic and medicinal benefits of cannabis. As such, cannabis is decriminalized in Trinidad and Tobago in small quantities. The decriminalization of cannabis was made into law in December of 2019 with two bills regulating the amount for possession and cultivation. The bills also detail the license requirements for growing the plant and also clearly indicates penalties as well.

The Details

According to a source, possession of 30 grams or less of ganja will not result in arrest. However, using or consuming the plant in public, workplaces, and around children is banned. There are also specific regulations or controls for its medicinal and religious uses. It further defines that a license is required for its cultivation with only a maximum of 4 marijuana plants for home cultivation.

As briefly mentioned, the country recognizes the health benefits of using and consuming cannabis. CBD and derivatives like oil, tinctures, teas, gummies, creams, lotions and more may perhaps be the influential factor behind the decriminalization of cannabis in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

Is CBD Oil Legal In Sierra Leone?

by February 10, 2020

The Republic of Sierra Leone is a country on the southwest coast of West Africa. Bordered by Liberia to the southeast and Guinea to the north, Sierra Leone boasts a tropical climate which is well-suited to the cultivation of both cannabis and hemp.

After achieving independence in the early seventies, the country has suffered from continuous political, social, and economic upsets that have caused many to resort to drug use and cultivation. Many agriculturalists resort to illegal cannabis cultivation in order to escape the harsh diamond mining industries.

Is CBD Oil Legal in Sierra Leone?

Currently, the cultivation, use, and distribution of cannabis or any of its derivatives is completely illegal for both recreational and medical purposes in Sierra Leone. Drafted with the help of the UN Office of Drug Control, Sierra Leone drafted harsh laws that established long prison sentences and hefty fines for any drug related violation.

Though international organizations are pushing for the government to reduce individual possession punishments, the country is still committed to treating addiction as a criminal offense rather than a public health issue. Few institutions exist to help current drug abusers shift their use into healthier consumption patterns.

Since hemp is not legally distinguished from cannabis, all CBD users should remain incredibly cautious about importing their treatments into the country. Although Sierra Leone lacks enforcement in some regions, it is not considered safe to publicly or privately consume CBD.

What Are The Benefits Of Regular CBD Oil Use?

CBD, also known as cannabidiol, is thought to work by interacting with the body’s natural endocannabinoid receptor system (ECS). The ECS is responsible for almost every aspect of human health, regulating everything from appetite to sleep, mood, and the autoimmune response. By targeting harmful inflammation, CBD could help a wide variety of conditions in a non-addictive, non-psychoactive, and sustainable way. According to many users, CBD could help conditions that include:

  • Insomnia
  • Persistent skin conditions, such as eczema, psoriasis, and the signs of aging
  • Chronic pain conditions that are worsened by inflammation, such as joint pain, nerve pain, sciatica, and arthritis
  • High blood pressure and vasoconstriction, which are related to heart disease acquired later on in life
  • Glaucoma
  • Restless Leg Syndrome and muscle spasms
  • Epilepsy and other seizure disorders
  • Cluster migraines, severe cachexia, and nausea

 

History Of CBD And Cannabis In: United Kingdom

by January 17, 2020

History of cannabis in the united kingdom

There is no question: When it comes to popular opinion on cannabis, the times are changing. The view of the public on cannabis criminalization continues to shift, and as a result, more and more governments are taking steps to liberalize their cannabis laws.

This has taken a variety of different forms, including the legalization of medical marijuana, lowered penalties for cannabis use and possession and more of an emphasis on treatment (as opposed to incarceration) of people using drugs.

Many of these changes have been concentrated in the United States and Europe, and the United Kingdom is no exception. The country has had a somewhat confusing relationship with the drug but appears to be well on their way towards taking a more progressive stance over its various limits.

History Of Cannabis In The United Kingdom

England’s history with cannabis is relatively extensive. Indeed, marijuana seeds that were dated to the 10th century were found in York. Hemp was a popular compound in the United Kingdom as recently as the 16th century, when King Henry VIII required that landowners grow hemp.

Cannabis began to be used for intoxication as early as 1842, when the drug was originally studied for medications. Parts of the British Empire began to ban it in 1840, and the United Kingdom banned it in 1928. When Britain began to schedule drugs, it was classified as a Class B Drug (on a scale of A-C), which put it in the middle ground. In 2004, it was moved to Class C, which lowered penalties for use, but that decision was reversed and cannabis was restored to a Class B drug in 2009.

Current Legal Status Of Cannabis

Any recreational use of marijuana in the United Kingdom remains illegal. A 2017 survey showed that 7.2% of people in the United Kingdom (18-59) have used marijuana, and it remains the most popular illegal drug in the country.

The drug is somewhat decriminalized in the country, and a “cannabis warning” can be given for the possession of less than an ounce of cannabis. Further violations for possession can result in five years in jail, and trafficking or distribution can result in 14 years.

However, since 1993, the United Kingdom has been giving out licenses for the growth of industrial cannabis, and the country currently is a large exporter of cannabis. That industry has been fueled by changes in Parliament which created a medical marijuana program in the United Kingdom. In order to get a marijuana card, patients must be authorized by a specialist consultant. Furthermore, current guidelines require that a patient can only get medical marijuana if other medical options have been exhausted.

Cannabis laws in the United Kingdom are somewhat complex, but fortunately, CBD laws make sense. CBD purchased with under .2% THC is legal to be used and consumed for any reason in the United Kingdom. CBD with higher levels of THC can be prescribed.

History Of CBD And Cannabis In: United Arab Emirates (UAE)

by January 17, 2020

CBD Oil In the United Arab Emirates

If you’re trying to better understand the historical and cultural implications of cannabis use in the United Arab Emirates, it just might be enough to make your head spin. Chances are, you’ll end up rather confused and combating a migraine after you get done trying to sort it all out. To state the obvious, any and all use of cannabis is considered to be highly illegal in the country.

Granted, this is supposed to be an article that’s geared more toward the history of cannabis in that region but it’s virtually impossible to discuss its history without bringing up the legal implications associated with it. As such, both aspects of cannabis cultivation and use will be discussed.

Legal Implications Of Cannabis Use In The UAE

You might be interested to know that the laws in that country are among some of the harshest that you will likely ever run up against. You’re not allowed to grow cannabis in any form, nor are you allowed to possess it, sell it or use it. The government there typically goes in search of those who have even the smallest amount of cannabis either on them or in their system and if you’re caught with even a tiny amount in your system, you might be jailed for up to four years with no hope of being released early.

It’s not even legal to grow industrial hemp in that country, regardless of the fact that the hemp has no ability to get a person high whatsoever. It’s also worth noting that CBD is considered an illegal narcotic in the United Arab Emirates, something that will land you in jail just as quickly as smoking marijuana in public.

What About The Historical And Cultural Significance?

One of the reasons that they crack down so hard on cannabis use from a legal standpoint is because it’s directly tied to the cultural heritage of the region. Most of the people who live there are Muslims and as such, they have a tendency to believe that it is strictly forbidden to use cannabis or any other psychoactive drug. As a result, the laws of the country are extremely harsh.

There’s also a great deal of historical significance involved here, as anyone who is caught using cannabis is likely to be shamed. In some cases, they might even be ashamed to the point of being completely shunned by their own families. This is especially true if the person in question is a female, as anything that they have done which is deemed to be shameful is believed to also bring shame on their entire family.

One of the more interesting things to note here is that younger individuals in the country are starting to change the way they think about cannabis. That being said, there is a very long road ahead for anyone who wants to use cannabis in that particular region. Medical marijuana is not allowed and for the moment, any attempt at using marijuana, CBD or any other substance that is deemed a narcotic is seriously looked down upon from both a legal and a cultural perspective.

History Of CBD And Cannabis In: Ukraine

by January 17, 2020

CBD Oil In Ukraine

If you’ve ever wondered about the history of cannabis use in the Ukraine, you might want to know that it’s been something of a patchwork of different ideals and legalities. This is largely because the Ukrainian government didn’t exist until more recent times. At one point, this region fell under Soviet rule and when it did, things were far more different than they are today.

Since the Soviet Union dissolved several years ago, Ukraine has sort of come into its own. That being said, it has definitely experienced more than its fair share of growing pains. Part of that has been related to the cultivation and use of cannabis, something that the nation is still adapting its stance on, even in the present day.

What Is The History Of Cannabis Use Like In Ukraine?

Traditionally, the use of cannabis for recreational purposes has always been illegal in the country. However, the penalties are not nearly as harsh in modern-day Ukraine as they were when the country was under Soviet rule, as previously mentioned. Furthermore, the Ukrainian government made it possible for individuals to have up to 10 cannabis plants at their place of residence that they could use for individual purposes without going to prison for doing so.

That regulation was something of a slippery slope, to say the least. Cannabis wasn’t legalized, but for anyone possessing 10 plants or less, the offense was decriminalised. That’s a fancy way of saying that people who were in these types of situations would often face a rather nominal fine as opposed to seeing jail time. However, possession of anything more than that could indeed result in far harsher penalties.

History Of Cannabis Still Evolving In Ukraine

Without a doubt, the way that cannabis is viewed in the country is changing on a daily basis. In fact, the country just made a push in 2019 to legalize cannabis for medical purposes. This essentially gives individuals who can prove a medical need for either marijuana or CBD an opportunity to get the help that they’ve been searching for without worrying about being legally prosecuted for it. It also marks a substantial shift in the way that the country’s officials think about the use of cannabis.

While it still hasn’t been legalized for recreational purposes, Ukraine is showing that they’re willing to take a more proactive approach to the cultivation and use of cannabis when there is a potential benefit for individuals, such as when there is a medical need for it. At the same time, they’ve also had a history of being very open to the cultivation of industrial hemp as a means of making money for the country, as the majority of those crops are exported to other countries around the world.

Those who are currently living in Ukraine may not think that things are perfect with regard to cannabis cultivation and use, but if you look at the history of these things in the country as compared to where they stand now, a great deal of progress has been made in a relatively short amount of time. It provides hope that individuals will not always have to worry about being prosecuted for something as simple as the possession of CBD or marijuana. For now, things seem to be moving in the right direction and the majority of individuals living there appear to be happy about that fact.

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